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Tanjung Puting National Park – Tanjung Puting is covered by a mixed mosaic of diverse lowland environments. It contains 3,040 km2 of low-lying swampy surface punctuated by blackwater rivers that flow into the Java Sea. At the mouth of these rivers and on the sea coast are found mangrove swamps. Mangroves brim with animal life. Tanjung Puting National Park is located on the island of Borneo or Kalimantan Island, which is the 3rd largest island worldwide. Borneo is split between 3 countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. Like written on Capture Indonesia previous article, Tanjung Puting National Park is one of the Best Indonesia Tourist Attractions and most visited by local and outside tourist.
Tanjung Puting also consists of a high dry ground rain forest, primarily tropical heath forest with a canopy of 30 meters with emergents going beyond 50 meters in height. Seasonally inundated peat overload forest with peat in layers two or more meters deep, open depression lakes formed by fire, and public areas of empty dry rice fields now covered with elephant turf and ferns. The tropical heath forest which is named “kerangas” in sections of Borneo, is just found on poor, typically white sandy soils and is defined by medium-sized trees.
The very best known animals in Tanjung Puting are the orangutans, made accessible through the long-lasting tensions of the Orangutan Research and Conservation Program, based at the landmark Camp Leakey research study station. Tanjung Puting likewise boasts the strange looking Proboscis’s monkey with long nose along with seven other primate species. Civets, Clouded leopards, and Malaysian sun bears cavort in the park, as do mouse deer, barking deer, sambar deer, and the wild cattle understood as banteng.
Visit Tanjung Puting National Park
Tanjung Puting hosts over 230 species of birds, including hornbills, deep forest birds, and numerous wetland species. Tanjung Puting is well-known for its “bird lakes,” seasonal rookeries for a half a lots types of endangered waterbirds, including the only recognized Bornean nesting premises for white egrets. Tanjung Puting likewise has two types of crocodiles, dozens of snakes and frogs, many threatened species, including the fortune-bringing and extremely threatened dragon fish also referred to as the Arwana. Amongst the most flamboyant of these animals are the numerous species of vibrant birds, butterflies, and moths found in the Park.
Tanjung Puting National Park in Borneo
Tanjung Puting National Park situated on a peninsula that juts out into the Java Sea. The peninsula is low lying and swampy with a spine of dry ground which increases a couple of feet above the omnipresent swamp. The north of Tanjung Puting is identified by mild hills and gold-bearing alluvial plains. In the previous maps of the region typically portrayed a ridge of mountains boiling down into Tanjung Puting. This rocky hill does not exist; in reality, no place does the altitude increase above 100-200 feet in Tanjung Puting National Park.
Tanjung Puting is a veritable hothouse of eco-diversity. The varied environment zones shelter somewhat various animals and plants supplying a great variety of microhabitats for plants and animals and therefore, the opportunity for lots of types to be present nearby. In Bornean circumstances, tropical heath forest by itself is not an agent of the highest trees, the tallest canopy, or the most diverse community. Tropical overload ecosystems are little represented in secured areas throughout Southeast Asia, however, are universal in Tanjung Puting. In the peat overload forest, lots of trees have stilt roots or aerial roots as adaptations to regular flooding.
Aside from its incredible biological qualities, Tanjung Puting is vital for the well-being of the surrounding regional human population. The wetlands supply essential environmental services such as flood control, stream control guideline, natural biological filtration system, erosion control, and seasonal nurseries for fish which are the primary source of regional animal protein. Some these services have an effect well beyond the local location. For example, the waters surrounding Tanjung Puting draw in fishing vessels from various parts of Indonesia. Also, local individuals benefit from an excellent range of forest products consisting of honey, waxes, aromatic woods, fibers for ropes and fabric, medicinal plants, fuel oils, wild rubber, thatching materials, rattan, firewood, incense, edible latexes, resins, natural pesticides, fungicides and possible virocides.
For the above factors and numerous other reasons not kept in mind, Tanjung Puting National Park is acknowledged as one of the most valuable and important provincial treasures in Kalimantan Tengah. The national federal government has also made a strong dedication to protecting the forest, its wildlife, and to manage the park carefully. Tanjung Puting has significantly acquired international status and recognition. As a result, more and more visitors from all over the world are experiencing a fresh brand-new outlook on nature and a gratitude of the rain forest which was humankind’s original “Garden of Eden.”
Flora & Fauna in Tanjung Puting National Park.
Among tree species frequently discovered are:
- Ramin (Gonistylus bancanus).
- Kayu Besi (Eusideroxylon zwagerri).
- Meranti (Shorea sp.).
- Keruing (Dipterocarpus).
- Bakung (Asian tricum).
- Pandans (Pandanus tectorius).
- Nipah (Nypa sp.).
The park is likewise abundant in wildlife with the commonly seen is Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus) as the very best understood types that makes the Borneo Park best known, Proboscis monkeys (Nasalis larvatus) a giant monkey which is discovered just in Borneo, long tail macaque (Macaca fascicularis), birds: especially hornbills, kingfishers, myna, oriental darter and over 220 bird species.
Moreover, the list of fauna living in the park is consist of the occasion can be seen:.
- Agile Gibbon (Hylobates agilis).
- Grey Gibbon (Hylobates mulleri).
- Red Leaf Monkey (Presbistis rubicunda).
- Malayan Sun Bear (Helarctus malayanus).
- Wild lige (Sus barbatus).
- Estuarine crocodile (Tomistoma schlegelli).
Tanjung Puting’s Flora & Fauna
The rivers together with the swamps and seasonal lake rookeries support the life of numerous types of fish that have extremely high worths in term of ecology and economy.
How to Get to Tanjung Puting National Park?
How to Get to Tanjung Puting National Park? The most convenient way to get to Tanjung Puting National Park is to fly to Pangkalan Bun (PKN). I began my journey to Indonesia in Jakarta, where I got on a 1-hour direct flight to Pangkalan Bun, then boarded a klotok boat for a 2-day orangutan trip with Orangutan Days in Tanjung Puting National Park. Costs for an orangutan tour vary based upon the number of individuals in your group, for a two day and one night journey, it averages between 200-550 USD. This consists of 3 eating times a day, airport transfers, local trip guide, entrance charges, conservation cost, no surprise fees. Flights to Pangkalan Bun from Jakarta 2 months ahead of time were 63 USD; locals inform the trips vary 45-80 USD usually.
Tanjung Puting National Park Accommodation
Although there’s a comfy eco-lodge on the riverbank at the edge of the Borneo park, there’s also the alternative of sleeping on the deck of your boat under a mosquito internet, at one with the sights and noises of the jungle. There are no hotels located in Tanjung National Park, so investing the night on the boat in Tanjung Puting National Park is a must! As soon as the sun sets, the sky fills with a million stars and the frogs and other jungle animals begin to sing you to sleep. It’s kinda like the jungle noise app you have on your phone, however real life.